Dak Lak: Improving the effectiveness of the new rurality program
The National Target Program on New Rurality Development is a major policy of the Party and State in the period of accelerating industrialization, modernization and international integration. However, in the process of implementing the National Target Program, Dak Lak province also encountered many challenges and inadequacies affecting long-term and sustainable development in rural areas.
Some limitations that need to be resolved including slow implementation progress, gaps in achievements between urban and mountainous areas; restrained budget in infrastructure investment in mountainous communes, low people's living standard, especially in ethnic minority areas. Still, there exists the thinking of waiting and relying on the support of the State of a number of offcials, hence, the creativiness is not at high level.
The Workshop on evaluation of the effectiveness of implementation of the National Target Program on New Rurality Development in Dak Lak, December 2021
Therefore, Dak Lak Union of Science and Technology Associations has researched and laid out a number of solutions to improve the effectiveness of the implementation of the National Target Program in the province by promoting the expertise of managers and scientists. That consists of the followings:
Consolidate the organization of new rurality construction work; further promote communications and raise awareness for officials and local population; improve the quality of emulation movement for new rurality construction, in which focus on promoting the spirit of mastery, village friendship and mutual love of the people.
Continue to strengthen the Steering Committee for the National Target Program and the system of New Rurality Coordination Offices at provincial and district levels as a multi-sectoral coordination and management agency, performing the function of managing and coordinating new rurality areas. State management of new rurality construction on the basis of the existing system of New Rurality Coordination Offices at all levels continue to provide consul advices and coordinate in effectively implementing 11 contents and components of the National Target Program and 06 programs and projects with a focus on improvement of the quality of life of local people and solving existing problems in new rurality construction after 10 years of implementation.
Clearly define roles and responsibilities of agencies, organizations and people in new rurality construction.
Further improve the roles and responsibilities of Party committees, authorities at all levels and the whole political system in building new rurality areas, especially the role of leaders. It is necessary to consider new rurality construction as a revolution, a central political task that requires perseverance, patience, frequency, and continuity; to determine the subject's role of people in specific jobs; to implement democracy, publicity and transparency in all new rurality construction activities, especially investment work following the principle of people knowing, people discussing, people doing and people checking.
Further improve the quality of planning, management and implementation of master plans and plans on agricultural and rural development
Review and adjust agricultural and rural development planning and plans in line with the provincial socio-economic development objectives and tasks, and the actual situation of the locality; especially planning the production area of key products linked with processing and consuming products; planning to rearrange residential areas; planning industrial clusters, handicrafts and rural services. At the same time, publicize, set up landmarks, issue management regulations and organize the effective implementation of master plans and guidelines.
Basically develop socio-economic infrastructurein a synchronized manner, ensure rural-urban connectivity and connect localities.
Continue to improve the quality of the basic infrastructure system for production and people's livelihood in rural areas (transportation, electricity, irrigation schemes, schools, clinics, concentrated clean water, etc.), in the orientation of meeting requirements, improving quality and aligning with climate change response and sustainable development; prioritize investment in transport systems for difficult areas due to specific topographical and geological conditions; create resilience for communes to maximize available potentials and advantages.
Review and develop a roadmap for communes to apply for new rurality standards, enhance new rurality areas and models of new rurality areas; and for districts that meet new ruraliyt standards, towns/cities complete the task of building new rurality areas, newly advanced rurality areas; strengthen the inspection and supervision at all levels, ensuring the accomplishment of the program's objectives in the whole province and in each locality.
Assign specific responsibilities to each sector and locality. The implementation of new rurality construction needs to be proactive, comprehensive, synchronous and substantive. Party committees at all levels need to promote the sense of responsibility, focus on leading and directing the effective implementation of the program.
Develop and carry out a unified mechanism on mobilization and allocation of sufficient resources to implement the program in order to achieve the planned objectives.
Review and finalize mechanisms and policies to support new rurality construction, ensuring that it is suitable with actual conditions in the period of 2021-2025, with a vision to 2030; promulgate documents guiding the program implementation in accordance with relevant competences; direct localities to proactively promulgate specific mechanisms to support the implementation of the program's contents in the direction of quality improvement and sustainability; propose bold and appropriate mechanisms, policies and solutions to encourage the reorganization of production in the direction of association, cooperation, application of science - technology, development of production organization models, attracting enterprises to invest in rural areas to develop production and business in the fields of agriculture, industry and services; focus on processing industry of agricultural products and attract more workers.
Develop modern agricultural production, increasing added values, responding to climate change, and raising people's income towards sustainability, in which, focus on harnessing advantages of each locality.
Focus on directing production development, raising incomes for rural residents, especially the application of technical and high-tech advances to production and management of production and consumption of products; focus on supporting the formation of production links according to sustainable value chains under large-scale commodity production for key product groups; accelerate the transformation to a new model of cooperative following the Law on Cooperatives 2012 and effectively implement Resolution No. 13-NQ/TU dated March 17, 2020 of the Provincial Party Committee on Collective Economic Development; synchronously and effectively implement the OCOP Program. Renovate the implementation methods and improve the quality of vocational training for rural workers in the direction of connecting vocational training with the implementation of production development models and projects according to specific value chains, actual needs or projects in rural areas of businesses and economic organizations.
Orientation of digital transformation in new rurality construction.
Promote the process of digitalization and application of information and digial technology in new rurality construction; promote the application of information and digital technology in order to fundamentally change the management, administration and supervision of government agencies at all levels for the construction of new rurality areas.
Protect the environment and build a bright - green - clean - beautiful rural landscape.
Special attention must be paid to environmental protection in rural areas. It’s important to attract a number of big enterprises to invest in centralized waste treatment zones at inter-commune and inter-district scale, and at the same time, encourage the development of households and village-scale domestic wastewater treatment models in residential communities, and models of collecting pesticides; continue to launch and maintain anti-plastic waste movements; reuse agricultural waste in accordance with existing regulations; improve environmental landscape; develop and replicate models of waste separation at source, reuse of waste right from the source according to the principle of "circular economy"; focus on the model of bright - green - clean - beautiful rural landscape as a premise for rural tourism development in the province in the long run.
Develop education, health care, culture at grassroots levels and preserve as well as promote traditional cultural values linked with tourism development of rural areas.
It’s necessary to focus on improving the quality of education, universalizing primary education to make it compulsory; maintain and improve the quality of universalizing general education, preschool education for five-year-old children, giving priority to policies on supporting disadvantaged areas, especially disadvantaged mountainous areas, industrial zones, to increase the rate of children going to school; improve the effectiveness of community health at communak and district levels; ensure effective prevention of infectious diseases and improve the quality of medical examination and treatment for rural people; concentrate on the importance of rural education development, building cultural and sports institutions to promote and improve the quality of cultural and sport activities in rural areas.